UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA                                                                                                          GROUNDS PLAN                                                                                                          OFFICE OF THE ARCHITECT





Transportation on Grounds is a multi-modal circulation network for pedestrians, bicycles, transit, vehicles and parking.  For bicycles and pedestrians, circulation within Grounds occurs along roadways designed primarily for vehicular use and a complex web of pathways.  In addition to providing access to various destinations throughout the University, the roads, along with two active rail lines, also bisect and separate parts of the Grounds.  Adequate bike lanes, sidewalks and crosswalks are found along much of the road network, and in some cases, overpasses provide pedestrian and bicycle access across busy streets.  However, in many locations the bicycle and pedestrian network is incomplete, presenting safety issues and other challenges, particularly for the elderly and those with disabilities.

The University has comprehensive transit service provided by University Transit Service (UTS) and Charlottesville Transit Service (CTS), offering multiple bus routes to and through the Grounds.  In addition to moving people between residential and academic areas, UTS provides service to and from several University parking garages, allowing commuters to leave their cars at the periphery of Grounds and travel to their final destination by transit.  UTS also offers on-demand service for passengers with disabilities, along all of the routes.  CTS provides transportation services to the University, City and parts of the County, including a free bus-trolley between the University and Charlottesville’s downtown shopping and business district.  The two transit services share a reciprocal program of offering fare-free service to the users of each transit entity.

Most of the roadways that serve as major access corridors to the University Grounds are historical, and provide two-lane cross-sections and minimal turn-lane facilities.  Such characteristics are in keeping with the historic context of the University and Charlottesville area.  Due to growth of the University and the Charlottesville-Albemarle region, these roadways experience congestion compounded by public events on Grounds, including concerts and athletic events.  Parking on Grounds includes surface and structured, with the majority of spaces located at garages near the periphery of Grounds, requiring a transfer to transit or a five to ten minute walk to reach destinations.  While parking supply in the core areas of Grounds is heavily used, the overall parking supply accommodates all needs.  Many parking areas serve multiple functions at different times of day or night, making the available parking supply more efficient.  With the exception of meters and attended lots, all University parking requires the use of a paid permit.

Transportation Objectives

The strategy of mixed-use and infill development on Grounds will increase the demand for circulation throughout the University.  Improved multi-modal transportation systems are needed to offset the demand for additional parking and road enlargement, preserving historic elements and maximizing land use efficiency.  To this end, the University has developed a Transportation Demand Management (TDM) plan in support of more efficient use of transportation resources.  The strategies within the TDM plan seek to improve alternative transportation options by providing incentives for using such modes, and by improving the quality and efficiency of bicycle, pedestrian and transit network operation.  These strategies are being implemented concurrently with City and County transportation goals.

  • Implement programs established by the Transportation Demand Management plan with a phased approach to support multi-modal circulation to and around Grounds.
  • Establish an implementation plan using resources from the Grounds Improvement Fund (GIF) to enhance bicycle and pedestrian facilities promoting safety on Grounds and in the adjacent City and County areas. 
  • Ensure that redevelopment and new building projects incorporate pedestrian and bicycle pathways linking to existing buildings and green spaces on Grounds.
  • Enhance intersections and streetscapes throughout Grounds to provide safe, comfortable and attractive places for multi-modal use.
  • Intensify land use at existing pedestrian and bicycle overpasses for improved circulation efficiency.
  • Refine road network to improve efficiency and access for UTS and service vehicles.
  • Maintain adequate vehicular access and parking capacity linked to multi-modal connections for legitimate users on Grounds.